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1913 – 1921, 4 Fadingerstraße

Ernst Kaltenbrunner attends secondary school here. In 1943 he is made head of the Central Office for Reich Security. He carries a major part of the responsibility for the murder of 6 million Jews.

Ernst Kaltenbrunner was born on the 4th of October 1903 in Ried im Innkreis. In 1913 Kaltenbrunner moved to Linz, living in a boarding house in order to attend the secondary school at 4 Fadingerstraße – the same school, incidentally, that Adolf Hitler went to at the turn of the century. One of Kaltenbrunner’s teachers there was Ernst Koref, a future mayor of Linz. In autumn 1921 Kaltenbrunner began studying in Graz and joined the “Arminia” student duelling society. As a leading member of this fraternity he organised boycotts and demonstrations against Jewish professors. In 1930 he joined the NSDAP and in 1931 the SS, becoming the leader of the illegal organisation in Austria in 1935.

In the Nazi administration Kaltenbrunner had a meteoric career: in 1938 he became Staatssekretär für das Sicherheitswesen und Höherer SS- und Polizeiführer [State Secretary for Security Matters and Chief of the upper echelons of the SS and Police] in Vienna. In 1943, after the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich in June 1942, he took over the Reichssicherheitshauptamtes [Central Office for Reich Security]. In this position he was one of those with a major responsibility in organising the deportation and murder of Jews in the extermination camps in the east.

Kaltenbrunner was arrested on the 11th of May 1945 near Altaussee by American military police and was tried at one of the main war crimes trials in Nuremberg. Kaltenbrunner was sentenced to death for crimes against humanity and executed on the 16th of October 1946.