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4.12.1940, 12 Museumstraße

The 68 year-old Jehovah’s Witness Rosa P. is sentenced to 6 months prison for her beliefs and for “subverting the armed forces”.

The 68 year-old Jehovah’s Witness Rosa P. and 16 of her fellow believers were found guilty because they “lived up to their beliefs and jointly maintained their religious community”. This was an infraction of the “Law for the Protection of the Armed Forces of the German People”. On the 4th of December 1940 Rosa P. was sentenced to 6 months in prison.

The Nazi rulers considered that the teachings of the Jehovah’s Witnesses contained fundamentally subversive tendencies. In 1937 the Witnesses criticised that “the government has passed laws by which people are forced to salute flags and worship a person”. In addition, the accused had clearly expressed her hostile attitude to military defence: “In obedience to the commandment ‘thou shalt not kill’, all male accused have refused to serve the state under arms, and in the case of women, refuse to take part in work in armament factories”. This fundamental refusal to take part in the war could not be accepted. Whoever was a Jehovah’s Witness was prosecuted for subverting the armed forces or persecuted as a conscientious objector.