1938 – 1945, Siedlung Spallerhof [Housing Estate] / Muldenstraße
New housing is built for armaments industry workers. In order to be allocated housing, applicants have to submit to a “racial hygiene examination”.
Even today some people in Linz consider the housing programme to be the “positive side” of the Nazi period. However, the construction of these homes was not the result of socio-political considerations but had to do with the economics of armament production: hundreds of thousands laboured in the armaments factories in Linz for the “final victory” of the German armed forces and had to be housed appropriately. In contrast, “non-Aryan” foreign and slave labourers were housed in inadequate barracks - in accordance with Nazi racial doctrines.
The Nazi regime used the new housing for propaganda purposes but the housing problem in Linz was not solved by the Nazi policies. Despite the construction of around 11,000 homes the Nazis did not succeed in satisfying the demand for housing. On the contrary, the Nazi wartime policies exacerbated the problem. At the beginning of 1944 there were over 100,000 foreign workers in Linz, most of whom were inadequately housed. The war, which the Nazis began, left a legacy of 14,000 destroyed homes.